Cboe and Turquoise have established EU entities in Amsterdam, while Aquis Exchange set up its new EU base in Paris.
Deutsche Bank and Commerzbank both released statements over the weekend confirming that talks about being held to explore a potential merger.
US exchange operator CME will transition some BrokerTec and reporting services from the UK to the Amsterdam entity.
Pending regulatory approval, futures broker RJ O’Brien has said it will establish an office in Paris to build its European client base.
Cboe will operate an MTF and APA from Amsterdam as the UK’s departure from the European Union grows closer.
Asset manager established Irish-based management firm in January as part of Brexit contingency plans.
Research from Greenwich associates finds ETF allocations grew by 50% in Europe last year, with further growth expected in 2019.
The AFM has granted approval for MarketAxess to establish an EU-base in Amsterdam to continue servicing clients post-Brexit.
Regulators have agreed on measures to provide a “bridge over Brexit” for derivatives trading and clearing in the UK and US.
Tradeweb saw record European ETF volumes last month, with 44.9% being traded via its AiEX electronic trading platform.